1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital, Muscat, we can find a secure and welcoming nation with transforming panoramas that transit between the wilderness and the warm Indian; and a population that will receive you as if you were part of it. Oman is a nation found in western Asia, on the eastern coastline of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and also Yemen to the southwest. The coastline, meanwhile, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://evisa-oman.info)
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To talk a little bit concerning its history, we have that Oman extends its beginnings to the Stone Age, because there are signs of human settlements in the region, specifically in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Moreover, the metropolis appears called for the first time in the 1st century AD. C., particularly when Greeks and Romans recorded the existence of a crucial industrial port, what is now presently known as “Port of Muscat”, a link in between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The fights for power over the port of Muscat have been constant over the centuries because of its strategic area between Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, numerous have been the countries that have disputed the control of the territory, so it has been a vital component for the development and history of the nation.
In the 3rd century, after living with the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era began when conversion to Islam took place. This occurred in the seventh century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From that point on, this time period that began and it extended till the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for power over the metropolis?
The Portuguese fleet initially found its way to Muscat in 1507, but they were met with shots from the port. The fights for power over the city were destructive, but finally the Portuguese dominated over a hundred years. At that moment the Muscat fortresses were designed, to protect against maritime attacks. However, this did not stop the conquest of the Turks, which happened twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was selected imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and was liable for uniting the nation. He was also the founder of the Yaruba dynasty and also from it all of the rulers of Oman emerged until 1749. It was a time of fantastic territorial growth since they conquered cities of East Africa like Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity came in the midst of the 18th century, after a civil war and the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During that time, there was a power vacuum that resulted in theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the nineteenth century was Said bin Sultan; he increased military supremacy and defeated Zanzibar.
How were your internal clashes?
Conflicts between the tribes inside the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to ask the United Kingdom for help to quell the revolts and also had to transfer his home from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) orchestrated a coup d’etat and overthrew his dad. Since that time, it has the absolute power of the nation, renowned as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official home is in the Al Alam Palace.